Date of Construction: 1866
Location: 219 Jiujiang Road (near Middle He’nan St)
Why special? It was the highest – level Protestant church in the Far East and one of the highest buildings on the Bund in the 19th century. It also ranks No.3 in the surviving modern buildings in Shanghai and has been widely recognized as one of the best buildings in the city from the 19th century.
Popularly known as the ‘Red Church’. Its history reflects the modern history of Shanghai.Originally built in 1847, the church collapsed in a typhoon in 1862, and a makeshift hut was built on the site for the Masses.Sir George Scott was then asked to design a new church, but the British church architect came up with a design that proved too extravagant for the meager funds, so a Shanghai - based architect William Kidner made modifications to the blueprint.
Construction on the new church began in 1866 and finished in 1869. In 1875, under the endorsement of Queen Victoria and the approval of the Archbishop of Cantenbury, the church was upgraded into the Cathedral of the North China parish of the Anglican Church. Therefore, it has since been referred to as the ‘Anglican Cathedral’. A square , Gothic bell tower with a conical steeple in imitation of the southwestern tower of the Cathedrale de Chartres was built in the northeastern corner of the church in 1893, thus adding the finishing stroke of the church’s Romanesque architecture.