III. Late 1930s brought the third phase of migration. Here’s how it happened.
Before Nazi policy turned actively genocidal in the late 1930s, exile turned out to be a solution to the ‘Jewish Problem’. German and Austrian Jews, deprived of their citizenship rights, property and employment were encouraged to emigrate to any country that would have them. Unfortunately, the options were few.
In 1938, 6-15 July, the US President – Franklin D. Roosevelt - called a conference at Évian-les-Bains, France, to discuss the Jewish refugee problem with delegates of 32 countries. The great powers unanimously decided to shut borders to all but a small selection of Jewish refugees.