The little village was transformed into a city and immediately divided into 3 autonomous settlements called ‘concessions’: British, American and French – each of them independent of the Chinese law. These colonies had an irresistible impact on the future international metropolis, as they all brought their specific architecture, culture and social impressions. Although native locals had their own walled Chinese city, the curiosity of the foreign lifestyle dominated and they chose to live in those enclaves. Hence, the melting pot was set on fire and the mixing began. The combination of Chinese and Western culture resulted in the birth of inclusive and an openness to diversity hǎi pài – 海派 ( exact meaning – Shanghai Style) – the root of Shanghai city. Hai Pai started developing rapidly between 1930s and 1950s and it embodied rebellion against traditional conventions and boldness in innovation. Shanghai locals were more than ready to embrace new values, behaviors, western academia and fashion. One of the first expressions of Hai Pai, ‘cultivated’ by old generations till these days and shocking foreign newcomers, was adopting the habit of wearing…pajamas! Before colonization, Chinese people paid little if any attention to their sleeping attire. However, the Hai Pai meant responsibility to be fashionable anytime and anywhere. So pajamas became the thing, and to add Hai Pai’s bold twist – proud Shanghailanders started wearing it outside to make sure everyone around noticed how stylish they were. As my Shanghainese friend explained it to me– ‘In those times people didn’t have wechat so if they wanted to demonstrate their wealth they just had to take it out for the audience to see, even if it required them getting on the bus in their PJs and going around the city, by all means would they do that.'