The communist revolution in 1949 brought the drive for economic development and social revolution in the People’s Republic of China . And because for most of its history art has always been saddled with the mission to glorify the religion or speak well of the state, it also became a tool in this case.
Lenin viewed art as an important component of the “gears and wheels of the revolution” and the Chinese Communist Party embraced this attitude. Mao pointed out that “New China should produce an art that is “socialist in content and Chinese in style.” Yet, although art during first 3 decades of PRC was heavily political, it was very un-Chinese in style. Painting closely followed the Soviet style of socialist realism and used Western oils instead of the traditional Chinese brush and ink.
The impact of the revolution on Chinese art resulted in 4 dominant styles of those times: