Once upon a time there was a man named Hong Xiuquan, who was born in 1814. As missionaries were spreading Christianity in China, Hong had visions that led him to believe that he was the second son of God, who had commanded him to rid China of sacrilegious practices. Hong formed a movement called the ‘Heavenly Kingdom’, which rose up and came to control vast swathes of southern China. The civil war of 1850 to 1864, also known as the Taiping Rebellion, ultimately killed perhaps 20 million people, or approximately as many people as World War One. This could explain why the attitude of the Chinese government toward Christmas, in the land of the Ever-Rising Dragon, contains quite a big dose of skepticism. Where the economy wants to embrace another excuse for consumerism, this optimism is tempered with a great deal of caution. Particularly when it comes to the Chinese people’s adoption of the culture that forms the ethno-religious underpinning of this categorically Christian ‘Holy Day’.